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1923 : the crisis of German democracy in the year of Hitler's putsch  Cover Image Book Book

1923 : the crisis of German democracy in the year of Hitler's putsch / Mark William Jones.


"In 1923, the far right nearly unraveled the fledgling Weimar Republic. In January of that year, France accused Germany of failing to pay reparations mandated by the Treaty of Versailles, and the French began to occupy the industrial Ruhr district, the heart of the German economy. The German government refused to cooperate with the French occupiers, and the ensuing economic crisis worsened what was already a period of rampant inflation and mass unemployment. The National Socialist party and other right-wing radicals, already fierce opponents of the Weimar Republic, played to mass prejudice as they blamed the national government and Jewish elites for Germany's ills. Amid the chaos, in November Hitler and the Nazis tried and failed to seize power in Munich, the infamous "beer hall putsch." In 1923, historian Mark Jones draws on new research in German, French, English, and American sources to reveal what fueled Hitler's early rise and what crushed it, showing that pragmatism and international cooperation brought Germany back from the brink of destruction. Offering deeply personal stories of civilians' everyday experience of the occupation's profound violence and its economic fallout, as well as high-level analysis of German politics and European geopolitics, Jones traces how Hitler and the Nazis exploited public unrest to attempt to ride to power for the first time. He also shows how Germany stemmed the rise of Nazism after the shock of Hitler's putsch, which collapsed due to disorganization. At the end of 1923 and into 1924, with Hitler imprisoned, the Weimar Republic undertook an unprecedented level of transnational cooperation with the West, resulting in the Dawes Plan, an American-backed international financial 'rescue package' that helped lower reparation costs, stabilize the German economy, and put the Weimar Republic on the road to its best years. 1923, Jones shows, was the first time interwar Western intellectuals and leaders realized that the only pathway out of the hatreds created by aggressive nationalism and chauvinism was close economic co-operation. This is a deeply researched, gripping account of how and why Germans preserved their republic amid a year of onslaught. Although Germany would succumb to tyranny a decade later, the story of the republic's survival in 1923 offers essential lessons to anyone concerned about the future of democracy today"-- Provided by publisher.

Record details

  • ISBN: 9781541600201 (hardcover)
  • ISBN: 1541600207
  • Physical Description: x, 398 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
  • Edition: First US edition.
  • Publisher: New York : Basic Books, 2023

Content descriptions

Bibliography, etc. Note:
Includes bibliographic references (pages 373-381) and index.
Formatted Contents Note:
German political parties in 1923 -- Maps -- Introduction: Germany 1923- the democracy that did not die -- part I: 1922 and the coming of the crisis year. German democracy fights back -- The future of French power -- The fascist moment -- part II: Winter and spring 1923. The invasion of the Ruhr -- Hitler's first victory -- The escalation of violence -- Active resistance -- The Occupiers' revenge -- Hitler's first defeat -- part III: Summer 1923. The year of the zeros -- Waiting for Allies -- part IV: Autumn and winter 1923. Separatism and the future of the Rhineland -- "Soviet Saxony" and the Communist threat -- The Hitler putsch -- Taking it out on the Jews -- De-escalation and the triumph of reason -- Epilogue: 1933 and after.
Subject: Germany > Politics and government > 1918-1933.
Germany > History > 1918-1933.
Democracy > Germany > 20th century.
National socialism > Germany > 20th century.
Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945.

Available copies

  • 0 of 1 copy available at Kenton County.


  • 0 current holds with 1 total copy.
Show Only Available Copies
Location Call Number / Copy Notes Barcode Shelving Location Status Due Date
Covington Branch 943.085 J78n 2023 (Text) 33126025801428 New Adult Nonfiction Checked out 03/20/2024

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